Human Gremlin 1/GREM1 qPCR Primer Pair

Human Gremlin 1/GREM1 qPCR Primer Pair: 一般情報

qPCR Primers
1 vial of lyophilized qPCR primer mix (1 nmol each primer, sufficient for 200 numbers of 25 μl reactions).
Verified forward and reverse primers for analyzing the quantitative expression of gene.
アプリケーション & 品質管理
SYBR® Green-based quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR).
The primer mix has been verified to generate satisfactory qPCR data on Roche Applied-science LightCycler® 480 Ⅱ.
保存 & 配送
Lyophilized qPCR primer mix is shipped at ambiente temperatura
The lyophilized product is stable for one year from date of receipt when stored at -20℃. The suspended product is stable for six months from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
***Sino biological qEASY qPCR primer pairs are used for SYBR Green-based real-time RT-PCR, The primers are designed by using SBI's proprietary primer design algorithm. Our primer collection covers the entire human genomes. It can be widely applied in the quantitative analysis of gene expression.***








Human Gremlin 1/GREM1 qPCR Primer Pair: 別名

C15DUPq qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; CKTSF1B1 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; CRAC1 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; CRCS4 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; DAND2 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; DRM qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; DUP15q qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; GREMLIN qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; HMPS qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; HMPS1 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; IHG-2 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; MPSH qPCR Primer Pairs, Human; PIG2 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human

Gremlin 1/GREM1 背景情報

GREM1 belongs to the DAN family. It contains 1 CTCK (C-terminal cystine knot-like) domain. GREM1 is a cysteine knot-secreted protein and acts as an inhibitor in the TGF beta signaling pathway. It inhibits BMP-2, -4, and -7. Inhibition by Grem 1 of BMPs in mice allows the expression of fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) 4 and 8 and Sonic hedgehog (Shh) which are necessary for proper limb development. It interacts with SLIT1 and SLIT2 in a glycosylation-dependent manner. As a cytokine, GREM1 may play an important role during carcinogenesis and metanephric kidney organogenesis, as a BMP antagonist required for early limb outgrowth and patterning in maintaining the FGF4-SHH feedback loop. It down-regulates the BMP4 signaling in a dose-dependent manner. It also acts as an inhibitor of monocyte chemotaxis. GREM1 is highly expressed in the small intestine, fetal brain, and colon.
gremlin 1, DAN family BMP antagonist
  • Dimitrov BI, et al. (2010) Genomic rearrangements of the GREM1-FMN1 locus cause oligosyndactyly, radio-ulnar synostosis, hearing loss, renal defects syndrome and Cenani--Lenz-like non-syndromic oligosyndactyly. J Med Genet. 47(8):569-74.
  • Heron M, et al. (2011) Genetic variation in GREM1 is a risk factor for fibrosis in pulmonary sarcoidosis. Tissue Antigens. 77(2):112-7.
  • van Vlodrop IJ, et al. (2010) Prognostic significance of Gremlin1 (GREM1) promoter CpG island hypermethylation in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Am J Pathol. 176(2):575-84.
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