Mouse PD-1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate

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Mouse PD-1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: 製品の情報

製品の説明
This Mouse PD-1 overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of PD-1 protein (Cat: 50124-M08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
発現ホスト
HEK293 Cells
Mouse
タンパク質構築情報
A DNA sequence encoding the extracellular domain (Met 1-Gln 167) of mouse PDCD1 (NP_032824.1) precursor was expressed with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
分子量
The secreted recombinant mouse PDCD1 consists of 154 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 17.6 kDa. In SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, the apparent molecular mass of rm PDCD1 is approximately 40-45 kDa due to glycosylation.

Mouse PD-1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: 用法

調製方法
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
溶解バッファー
Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
おすすめの用法
1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
バッファー
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
安定性 & 保存条件
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
アプリケーション
Western Blot (WB)
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Mouse PD-1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: 別名

Mouse Ly101 Overexpression Lysate; Mouse PD-1 Overexpression Lysate; Mouse Pdc1 Overexpression Lysate

PD-1 背景情報

Programmed cell death 1, also known as PDCD1, is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein, and is an immunoreceptor belonging to the CD28/CTLA-4 family negatively regulates antigen receptor signaling by recruiting protein tyrosine phosphatase, SHP-2 upon interacting with either of two ligands, PD-L1 or PD-L2. PD1 inhibits the T-cell proliferation and production of related cytokines including IL-1, IL-4, IL-1 and IFN-γ by suppressing the activation and transduction of PI3K/AKT pathway. In addition, coligation of PD1 inhibits BCR-mediating signal by dephosphorylating key signal transducer. PD1 has been suggested to be involved in lymphocyte clonal selection and peripheral tolerance, and thus contributes to the prevention of autoimmune diseases. Furthermore, PD1 is shown to be a regulator of virus-specific CD8+ T cell survival in HIV infection. As a cell surface molecule, PDCD1 regulates the adaptive immune response. Engagement of PD-1 by its ligands PD-L1 or PD-L2 transduces a signal that inhibits T-cell proliferation, cytokine production, and cytolytic function.
完全な名称
programmed cell death 1
参考文献
  • James ES, et al. (2005) PDCD1: a tissue-specific susceptibility locus for inherited inflammatory disorders. Genes Immun. 6(5): 430-7.
  • Okazaki T, et al. (2007) PD-1 and PD-1 ligands: from discovery to clinical application. Int Immunol. 19(7): 813-24.
  • del Rio ML, et al. (2008) PD-1/PD-L1, PD-1/PD-L2, and other co-inhibitory signaling pathways in transplantation. Transpl Int. 21(11): 1015-28.
  • Riley JL.(2009) PD-1 signaling in primary T cells. Immunol Rev. 229(1): 114-25.
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