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Prostatic Acid Phosphatase / ACPP 抗体, ウサギポリクローナル抗体, Antigen Affinity Purified

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Prostatic Acid Phosphatase/ACPP antibody 背景

Prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP, or ACPP), also known as prostatic specific acid phosphatase (PSAP), is an enzyme produced by the prostate. As a non-specific phosphomonoesterase, Prostatic acid phosphatase synthetized and secreted into seminal plasma under androgenic control. The enzyme is a dimer of molecular weight around 100 kDa. Prostatic acid phosphatase is a clinically important protein for its relevance as a biomarker of prostate carcinoma. Furthermore, it has a potential role in fertilization. The major action of PAP is to dephosphorylate macromolecules with the help of catalytic residues (His(12) and Asp(258)) that are located in the cleft between two domains. Cellular prostatic acid phosphatase (cPAcP), an authentic tyrosine phosphatase, is proposed to function as a negative growth regulator of prostate cancer (PCa) cells in part through its dephosphorylation of ErbB-2. cPAcP functions as a neutral protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) in prostate cancer cells and dephosphorylates HER-2/ErbB-2/Neu (HER-2: human epidermal growth factor receptor-2) at the phosphotyrosine (p-Tyr) residues. Injection of the secretory isoform of PAP has potent antinociceptive effects in mouse models of chronic pain. This enzyme exhibits ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity, is widely distributed, and implicated in the formation of chronic pain. Additionally, PAP could be a target molecule in specific immunotherapy for patients with nonprostate adenocarcinomas including colon and gastric cancers.

マウス Prostatic Acid Phosphatase/ACPP antibody 参考文献
  • Hassan MI, et al. (2010) Structural and functional analysis of human prostatic acid phosphatase. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 10(7): 1055-68.
  • Chuang TD, et al. (2010) Human prostatic acid phosphatase, an authentic tyrosine phosphatase, dephosphorylates ErbB-2 and regulates prostate cancer cell growth. J Biol Chem. 285(31): 23598-606.
  • Larsen RS, et al. (2009) A high throughput assay to identify small molecule modulators of prostatic acid phosphatase. Curr Chem Genomics. 3: 42-9.
  • Zimmermann H. (2009) Prostatic acid phosphatase, a neglected ectonucleotidase. Purinergic Signal. 5(3): 273-5.
  • Wang Y, et al. (2005) Prostatic acid phosphatase as a target molecule in specific immunotherapy for patients with nonprostate adenocarcinoma. J Immunother. 28(6): 535-41.
  • Veeramani S, et al. (2005) Cellular prostatic acid phosphatase: a protein tyrosine phosphatase involved in androgen-independent proliferation of prostate cancer. Endocr Relat Cancer. 12(4): 805-22.
  • Ostrowski WS, et al. (1994) Human prostatic acid phosphatase: selected properties and practical applications. Clin Chim Acta. 226(2): 121-9.
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