Sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) is an inflammatory myopathy (IIM) without a specific diagnostic biomarker until autoantibodies to the cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase 1A (NT5c1A/Mup44) were reported. Prior investigations demonstrated that autoantibodies recognizing cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase 1A (NT5C1A) are found in 33-76% of patients with inclusion body myositis (IBM) but are observed only rarely in patients with polymyositis (PM). Thus, anti-NT5C1A may help distinguish IBM from PM. Cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase 1A (NT5C1A) dephosphorylates non-cyclic nucleoside monophosphates to produce nucleosides and inorganic phosphates. Seropositivity to the NT5c1A antibody is associated with greater motor and functional disability in sIBM. The study also suggests more prominent bulbar, facial, and respiratory involvement in individuals positive for NT5c1A antibodies.