Nuclear distribution element 1 (NDE1, also known as NudE), located within chromosome 16p13.11, plays an essential role in microtubule organization, mitosis, and neuronal migration and has been suggested by several studies of rare copy number variants to be a promising schizophrenia (SCZ) candidate gene. Nde1 is a key regulator of cytoplasmic dynein, binding directly to both dynein itself and the dynein adaptor, Lis1. Nde1 and Lis1 are thought to function together to promote dynein function, yet mutations in each result in distinct neurodevelopment phenotypes. NDE1 and NDE-like 1 (NDEL1, also known as Nudel) are paralogous proteins essential for mitosis and neurodevelopment that have been implicated in psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders. The two proteins possess high sequence similarity and have been shown to physically interact with one another.