Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), also known as FGF2, is a member of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family. It is a highly specific chemotactic and mitogenic factor for many cell types, appears to be involved in remodeling damaged tissue, such as ulcer healing, vascular repair, traumatic brain injury (TBI). bFGF is a critical component of human embryonic stem cell culture medium. In addition, bFGF protein is a heparin-binding cationic protein involved in a variety of pathological conditions including angiogenesis and solid tumour growth. Thus, bFGF is regarded as a target for cancers chemopreventive and therapeutic strategies.