CLP1, also known as COLEC12, is a scavenger receptor that displays several functions associated with host defense. It contains 1 C-type lectin domain and 3 collagen-like domains. CLP1 is strongly expressed in placenta and moderately expressed in heart, skeletal muscle, small intestine and lung. It promotes binding and phagocytosis of Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and yeast. CLP1 mediates the recognition, internalization and degradation of oxidatively modified low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) by vascular endothelial cells. It binds to several carbohydrates including Gal-type ligands, D-galactose, L- and D-fucose, GalNAc, T and Tn antigens in a calcium-dependent manner and internalizes specifically GalNAc in nurse-like cells. It binds also to sialyl Lewis X or a trisaccharide and asialo-orosomucoid (ASOR). CLP1 may also play a role in the clearance of amyloid beta in Alzheimer disease.