MEK1: MEK1 Protein | MEK1 Antibody

MEK1 Gene family

MEK1 Background

MEK1, also known as MAP2K1 and MKK1, is a member of the dual specificity protein kinase family, which acts as a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase. MAP kinases, also known as extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), act as an integration point for multiple biochemical signals. MEK1 is widely expressed, with extremely low levels in brain. It lies upstream of MAP kinases and stimulates the enzymatic activity of MAP kinases upon wide variety of extra- and intracellular signals. As an essential component of MAP kinase signal transduction pathway, MEK1 is involved in many cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, transcription regulation and development. Binding extracellular ligands such as growth factors, cytokines and hormones to their cell-surface receptors activates RAS and this initiates RAF1 activation. RAF1 then further activates the dual-specificity protein kinases MAP2K1 and MEK2. MEK1 has been shown to export PPARG from the nucleus. The MAPK cascade is also involved in the regulation of endosomal dynamics, including lysosome processing and endosome cycling through the perinuclear recycling compartment (PNRC), as well as in the fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus during mitosis. MKK1 catalyzes the concomitant phosphorylation of a threonine and a tyrosine residue in a Thr-Glu-Tyr sequence located in MAP kinases. Defects in MEK1 can cause cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome.

Reference for MEK1

  • Rampoldi L, et al. (1998) Chromosomal localization of four MAPK signaling cascade genes: MEK1, MEK3, MEK4 and MEKK5. Cytogenet Cell Genet. 78(3-4):301-3.
  • Zheng CF, et al. (1993) Cloning and characterization of two distinct human extracellular signal-regulated kinase activator kinases, MEK1 and MEK2. J Biol Chem. 268(15):11435-9.
  • Nantel, et al. (1998) Interaction of the Grb10 adapter protein with the Raf1 and MEK1 kinases. J Biol Chem. 273(17):10475-84.
  • Hirata H, et al. (2012) I MicroRNA-1826 targets VEGFC, beta-catenin (CTNNB1) and MEK1 (MAP2K1) in human bladder cancer. Carcinogenesis. 33(1):41-8.

MEK1 Protein

MEK1 protein function

Dual specificity protein kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. Binding of extracellular ligands such as growth factors, cytokines and hormones to their cell-surface receptors activates RAS and this initiates RAF1 activation. RAF1 then further activates the dual-specificity protein kinases MAP2K1/MEK1 and MAP2K2/MEK2. Both MAP2K1/MEK1 and MAP2K2/MEK2 function specifically in the MAPK/ERK cascade, and catalyze the concomitant phosphorylation of a threonine and a tyrosine residue in a Thr-Glu-Tyr sequence located in the extracellular signal-regulated kinases MAPK3/ERK1 and MAPK1/ERK2, leading to their activation and further transduction of the signal within the MAPK/ERK cascade. Depending on the cellular context, this pathway mediates diverse biological functions such as cell growth, adhesion, survival and differentiation, predominantly through the regulation of transcription, metabolism and cytoskeletal rearrangements. One target of the MAPK/ERK cascade is peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG), a nuclear receptor that promotes differentiation and apoptosis. MAP2K1/MEK1 has been shown to export PPARG from the nucleus. The MAPK/ERK cascade is also involved in the regulation of endosomal dynamics, including lysosome processing and endosome cycling through the perinuclear recycling compartment (PNRC), as well as in the fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus during mitosis. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:14737111, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17101779}.

MEK1 protein expression

Tissue specificity

Widely expressed, with extremely low levels in brain.

MEK1 protein sequence

This sequence information is just for reference only.From Uniport

  • Length
    393.00
  • Mass (Da)
    43.00

MEK1 Antibody

There are 5 MEK1 antibodies which are validated in multiple tissues with various applications, including WB, ICC/IF, IP, IHC-P, ELISA. There are 4 MEK1 antibody for WB, 3 MEK1 antibody for ICC/IF, 2 MEK1 antibody for IP, 2 MEK1 antibody for IHC-P, 2 MEK1 antibody for ELISA. Among all these MEK1 antibodies, there are 4 anti-MEK1 rabbit polyclonal antibodies , 1 anti-MEK1 rabbit monoclonal antibodies . All the MEK1 anbodies are produced in house and all are in stock. MEK1 antibody customerized service is available.

MEK1 Gene

MAP2K1 gene / cDNA is a protein-coding gene which located on 15q22.31. The MAP2K1 gene is conserved in chimpanzee, Rhesus monkey, dog, cow, mouse, rat, chicken, zebrafish, fruit fly, mosquito, C.elegans, S.pombe, M.oryzae, N.crassa, A.thaliana, rice, and frog.230 organisms have orthologs with human gene MAP2K1.