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H1N3 (Influenza A) Protein, Antibody, Gene cDNA Clone & ELISA Kit

H1N3 (Influenza A) Proteins

H1N3 (Influenza A) Antibody

H1N3 (Influenza A) Gene cDNA Clones

Hot H1N3 Research Reagents List

Product Name Cat No.
  • Influenza A H1N3 (A/duck/NZL/160/1976) Hemagglutinin
  • 11685-V08H

    H1N3 (Influenza A ) Background

    Influenza (flu) is a respiratory infection in mammals and birds. This virus is divided into three main types (A, B and C). Influenza A is found in a wide variety of bird and mammal species. Influenza B is largely confined to humans and is an important cause of morbidity. Influenza C infects humans, dogs and pigs, sometimes causing both severe illness and local epidemics. Influenza A is further divided into subtypes based on differences in the membrane proteins hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA). The notation HhNn is used to refer to the subtype comprising the hth discovered HA protein and the nth discovered NA protein. The HA is a trimer with a receptor binding pocket on the globular head of each monomer. Subtypes are further divided into strains. Each genetically distinct virus isolate is usually considered to be a separate strain.

    H1N3 is a subtype of Influenza A. Hemagglutinin (HA) is a Single-pass type I integral membrane glycoprotein from the influenza virus, and comprises over 80% of the envelope proteins present in the virus particle. It is a homotrimer of disulfide-linked HA1-HA2. Binding of HA to sialic acid-containing receptors on the surface of its target cell brings about the attachment of the virus particle to the cell and forms a endosome. Low pH in endosomes induce an irreversible conformational change in HA2, releasing the hydrophobic portion "fusion peptide". After which, virus penetrates the cell and pours its contents including the RNA genome into the cytoplasm mediated by fusion of the endocytosed virus particle's own membrane and the endosomal membrane. Hemagglutinin plays a major role in the determination of host range restriction and virulence.